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激光破岩技术的研究现状及进展

官兵 李士斌 张立刚 陈双庆

官兵, 李士斌, 张立刚, 陈双庆. 激光破岩技术的研究现状及进展[J]. 中国光学, 2020, 13(2): 229-248. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201302.0229
引用本文: 官兵, 李士斌, 张立刚, 陈双庆. 激光破岩技术的研究现状及进展[J]. 中国光学, 2020, 13(2): 229-248. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201302.0229
GUAN Bing, LI Shi-bin, ZHANG Li-gang, CHEN Shuang-qing. Research progress on rock removal by laser technology[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(2): 229-248. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201302.0229
Citation: GUAN Bing, LI Shi-bin, ZHANG Li-gang, CHEN Shuang-qing. Research progress on rock removal by laser technology[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(2): 229-248. doi: 10.3788/CO.20201302.0229

激光破岩技术的研究现状及进展

doi: 10.3788/CO.20201302.0229
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 51874098

东北石油大学研究生创新基金 JYCX_CX02_2018

详细信息
    作者简介:

    官兵(1990-), 女, 黑龙江哈尔滨人, 博士研究生, 2013年于东北石油大学获得硕士学位, 主要从事关于激光与岩石相互作用的传热相变、岩石破裂机制、机械及流体动力学等方面的研究。E-mail:sygcgb1990@163.com

    李士斌(1965—),男,内蒙古赤峰人,博士,教授,博士生导师,2006年于东北石油大学获得博士学位,主要从事油气井工程力学以及激光破岩等相关方向的研究。E-mail: lishibin_2001@sina.com

    张立刚(1982—),男,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博士,副教授,博士生导师,2014年于东北石油大学获得博士学位,主要从事油气井工程力学、油藏压裂应力场以及岩石热力学等方面的研究。E-mail: zhangligang529@126.com

    陈双庆(1990—),男,黑龙江齐齐哈尔人,博士,讲师,2018年于东北石油大学获得博士学位,主要从事关于复杂数学模型求解优化方面的研究。E-mail: csqing2590@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TN249;TE242

Research progress on rock removal by laser technology

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 51874098

Northeast Petroleum University Innovation Foundation for Postgraduate JYCX_CX02_2018

More Information
  • 摘要: 激光破岩技术是应用光学领域的重要研究方向,它是集合了多相态、多耦合、多尺度的复杂高温、高压物理与化学过程。为了厘清激光破岩研究中的核心难点,给研究者提供有效的理论参考和趋向信息,本文对激光破岩技术的研究概况进行了分析总结。首先明确了激光破岩机理;之后分别从石油井下作业用激光器、激光破岩影响因素、激光破岩的温度场相变传热、物理力学性质以及激光破岩应用可行性等方面对国内外激光破岩技术研究进行了总结分析,指出了现阶段所取得的创新成果和不足;最后阐明了激光破岩技术的优点和发展趋势。研究结果表明,激光破岩技术可在现场配套设施研发、多影响因素评价、多场耦合作用机制和井下适用性理论体系研究等方向着力突破。
  • 图  1  激光破岩状态示意图[19-20]

    Figure  1.  Schematic diagram of rock removal by laser[19-20]

    图  2  激光破岩过程可能涉及到的影响因素示意图

    Figure  2.  Schematic diagram of influencing factors involved in process of rock removal by laser

    图  3  激光辐射页岩时其功率对SE的影响

    Figure  3.  Effect of laser power on SE for shale

    图  4  激光辐射岩石不同饱和流体对SE的影响[36, 62]

    Figure  4.  Effect of different saturated fluid on SE for rock removal by laser

    图  5  孔压为零时不同围压对激光破岩SE的影响[63-64]

    Figure  5.  Effect of confining pressure on SE for rock removal by laser under pore pressure is 0 MPa

    图  6  激光与岩石相互作用过程中涉及的热物理及力学效应示意图[69-70]

    Figure  6.  Schematic diagram of thermophysical and mechanical effects in laser-rock interaction

    图  7  多孔材料受激前后孔隙特征和微观流体输送效率的变化[91]

    Figure  7.  Pore distribution characteristics and fluid transport efficiency of porous material before and after laser treatment

    图  8  原位应力下的垂直井激光射孔[99]及无损孔道[6]

    Figure  8.  In-situ perforation in vertical wellbore under stress conditions and the non-damaged tunnel

    图  9  激光机械式光纤三牙轮钻头[101]

    Figure  9.  Laser-mechanical tri-cone rotary bit with fiber optic delivery system

    表  1  激光破岩代表性研究成果

    Table  1.   Representational achievements of rock removal by laser

    Researchers Year Research contents References
    Moavenzadeh F, et al 1968 The idea of rock breaking and drilling by laser is put forward. [21]
    O′Brien D G, et al 1999 Feasibility test of rock breaking by laser drilling has been carried out, and its incomparable superiority in improving penetration rate has been proved. [25]
    Graves R, et al 1998/2002 The specific energy between laser drilling and other drilling techniques is compared, and the effect of different laser on different rock type is analyzed including 6 typical lasers and 13 rock samples. [2]/[27]
    Xu Z, et al 2002~2005 The effect of different parameters on specific energy of laser rock drilling is studied through laboratory experiments, and its thermal spallation model is established. [11]/[14] /[16]/[17]
    Batarseh S, et al 2002/2012/2017 The high power laser-rock interaction and the change of rock properties by laser including porosity, permeability, strength are analyzed, and the application advantages in the oil and gas industry are presented. [6]/[10]/[19]
    Yi X Z, et al 2010/2011 The mechanism of laser rock breaking is introduced in detail, and it is pointed out that the temperature field is the fundamental factor causing the change of micro-physical and macro-physical properties of rocks. [22]-[24]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  激光井下作业用激光器[22, 28]

    Table  2.   Laser devices used for petroleum downhole operation[22, 28]

    Type Symbol Year Wavelength/μm Operation mode Average power/kW
    Carbon dioxide CO2 1964 10.6 CW、RP 1 000
    Used widely, good durability and reliability, too large wavelength and attenuate easily.
    Carbon monoxide CO 1964 5~6 CW、RP 2 000
    Work only under cooling conditions, mainly used in scientific research and medical treatment.

    Neodymium: yttrium aluminum garnet
    Nd: YAG 1964 1.06 CW、RP 4 000
    Small energy of only 4 kW used in industry, but tend to be feasible to obtain 10 kW or higher power laser.

    Hydrogen fluoride and deuterium fluoride
    DF/HF 1969 2.6~4.2 CW 10 000
    First used to conduct rock formation tests in reservoirs.
    Free electron laser FEL 1976 1.61 CW 14.2
    Infrared range, adjusted laser wavelength, can make laser reflection, scattering, absorption, blackbody radiation and plasma shielding optimization.

    Chemical oxygen iodine laser
    COIL 1977 1.315 CW、RP 200
    Accurately wavelength and amplitude control, used in well control, sidetracking and directional drilling, and suitable for deep well with low cost.
    Krypton fluoride excimer KrF 1977 0.248 RP 10
    Low energy laser, no thermal effect, strong directivity, high wavelength purity and high output power
    High power fiber laser HPFL 2002 1.07 CW、RP 1~100
    Long-distance transmission, super high electro-optical conversion efficiency (30%) and good beam quality.
    注:CW表示连续波工作方式;RP表示重复脉冲工作方式。
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-04-28
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