留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

激光准直系统中的杂散光分析与抑制

宋延嵩 安岩 李欣航 董科研 姜会林

宋延嵩, 安岩, 李欣航, 董科研, 姜会林. 激光准直系统中的杂散光分析与抑制[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2016, 9(6): 663-670. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160906.0663
引用本文: 宋延嵩, 安岩, 李欣航, 董科研, 姜会林. 激光准直系统中的杂散光分析与抑制[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2016, 9(6): 663-670. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160906.0663
SONG Yan-song, AN Yan, LI Xin-hang, DONG Ke-yan, JIANG Hui-lin. Analyzing and suppressing of stray light in laser collimating system[J]. Chinese Optics, 2016, 9(6): 663-670. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160906.0663
Citation: SONG Yan-song, AN Yan, LI Xin-hang, DONG Ke-yan, JIANG Hui-lin. Analyzing and suppressing of stray light in laser collimating system[J]. Chinese Optics, 2016, 9(6): 663-670. doi: 10.3788/CO.20160906.0663

激光准直系统中的杂散光分析与抑制

doi: 10.3788/CO.20160906.0663
基金项目: 

长春理工大学青年科学基金项目 No.XQNJJ-2013-12

吉林省教育厅“十三五”科学技术研究项目 No.2016368

详细信息
    作者简介:

    宋延嵩(1983-),男,吉林长春人,博士,研究员,主要从事光电成像跟踪与空间激光通信方面的研究。E-mail:songyansong2006@126.com

    通讯作者:

    安岩(1986-),男,吉林长春人,博士,助理研究员,主要从事光学系统设计、杂散光抑制与分析、光谱仪系统设计等方面的研究。E-mail:anyan_7@126.com

  • 中图分类号: O439

Analyzing and suppressing of stray light in laser collimating system

Funds: 

Supported by Young Science Foundation of CUST No.XQNJJ-2013-12

The 13th Five-Year Plan Project of Jilin provincial Science and Technology Research No.2016368

More Information
  • 摘要: 针对不同光学系统中存在的杂散光所造成的假信号或信号饱和影响,本文结合像面照度分析和消光环抑制的方法,对准直系统进行分析,找到产生杂散光的主要原因,设计了3种不同结构的消光环以消除杂散光。仿真实验结果确定了最优形式的消光环结构,边缘杂散光抑制最大下限值为0.38%,平均抑制值5.68×10-4%;以此模型为基础,进行了杂散光抑制实验。实验结果表明,带有消光环结构的准直系统可以有效抑制杂散光,保证了后续光学系统的功能实现,对其他杂散光抑制系统具有借鉴作用。

     

  • 图 1  准直系统光路仿真图

    Figure 1.  Light path simulation diagram of the collimating system

    图 2  小范围失对准像面仿真图

    Figure 2.  Simulation image of small misalignments

    图 3  大范围失对准像面仿真图

    Figure 3.  Simulation image of large misalignments

    图 4  准直镜光路图

    Figure 4.  Light path diagram of collimating system

    图 5  最大视场下的光线光路示意图

    Figure 5.  Light path diagram at the maximum aperture

    图 6  口径不匹配的杂散光像面仿真图

    Figure 6.  Image plane simulation diagram of stray light caused by mismatching aperture

    图 7  3种消光环结构示意图

    Figure 7.  Schematic diagram of three kinds of right-angle extinction rings

    图 8  30°直角消光环结构

    Figure 8.  Extinction ring structure of right-angle with 30°

    图 9  60°直角消光环结构

    Figure 9.  Extinction ring structure of right-angle with 60°

    图 10  60°全等消光环结构

    Figure 10.  Extinction ring of congruent angle with 60°

    图 11  失对准下的杂散光像面图

    Figure 11.  Stray light image plane diagram at the condition of misalignments

    图 12  口径不匹配下的杂散光像面图

    Figure 12.  Stray light image plane diagram at the condition of mismatching aperture

    图 13  杂散光抑制后像面图

    Figure 13.  Image plane diagram after the stray light suppression

    表  1  准直系统光学参数

    Table  1.   Optical parameters of the collimating system

    IndexValue
    Object NA0.22
    Field/μm400
    Wavelength/μm1.064
    The interval between two lens/mm59.27
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同视场下的光束出射角度与极限角度

    Table  2.   Divergence angle and limit angle of exit rays at different fields

    The normalized field of viewThe divergence angleof exit rays θ1/(°)The limit angleof exit rays θ2/(°)
    002.89
    0.2020.592.42
    0.4041.151.93
    0.451.271.72
    0.51.391.60
    0.521.451.54
    0.531.471.48
    0.541.491.46
    0.551.521.47
    0.6021.621.44
    0.82.020.97
    12.280.45
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  3种消光环结构抑制效果表

    Table  3.   Suppression effect of three kinds of the extinction rings

    No.NameLargest degree of inhibitionon stray light/%Average degree of inhibition on stray light/%
    1Extinction ring of right-angle with 30°0.41.10×10-3
    2Extinction ring of right-angle with 60°0.385.68×10-4
    3Extinction ring of congruent angle with 60°0.631.49×10-3
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 付跃刚,刘志颖,张磊,等.机载激光通信系统的杂散光分析[J].仪器仪表学报,2006,27(6):684-688. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YQXB2006S1265.htm

    FU Y G,LIU Z Y,ZANG L,et al.. Analysis stray lights of airborne free space laser communication terminal[J]. Chinese J. Scientific Instrument,2006,27(6):684-688.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YQXB2006S1265.htm
    [2] 李海燕,胡云安,王连生.激光探潜系统中杂散光抑制措施分析[J].海军航空工程学院学报,2010,25(6):653-656. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HJHK201006013.htm

    LI H Y,HU Y A,WANG L SH. Stray light suppression methods analysis for detecting submarine system by laser[J]. J. Naval Aeronautical and Aeronautical University,2010,25(6):653-656.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HJHK201006013.htm
    [3] 胥全春.星载激光通信星上终端杂散光分析及抑制方法研究[D].哈尔滨:哈尔滨工业大学,2014.

    XU Q CH. Research and analysis on stray light and suppression methods of satellite terminal in satellite-to-ground laser communications[D]. Harbin:Harbin Institute of Technology,2014:10-14.(in Chinese)
    [4] 张欢.星敏感器光学系统设计及杂散光抑制技术的研究[D].西安:西安工业大学,2015.

    ZHANG H. Design of optical system for star sensor and study on stray light suppressing technology[D]. Xi'an:XI'AN Technology University,2015.(in Chinese)
    [5] 豆修浔,朱佳巍,丁桂林.手机镜头的光学系统设计及杂散光模拟[J].激光技术,2016,40(4):501-504. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGJS201604010.htm

    DOU X X,ZHU J W,DING G L. Design of optical system of mobile phone lens and simulation of stray light[J]. Laser Technology,2016,40(4):501-504.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGJS201604010.htm
    [6] 叶露.准直物镜在变焦镜头杂散光系数测试中的作用和影响分析[J].应用光学,2010,31(1):83-86. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYGX201001021.htm

    YE L. Using collimator in testing zoom lens stray light[J]. J. Applied Optics,2010,31(1):83-86.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-YYGX201001021.htm
    [7] 李华,秦石乔,姚梅,等.激光制导半实物仿真中弱激光能量测试和控制[J].光电子·激光,2009,20(3):394-377. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GDZJ200903025.htm

    LI H,QING S Q,YAO M,et al.. Test and model to extra laser energy in the lab on laser guided weapon simulation[J]. J. Optoelectronics·Laser,2009,20(3):394-377.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GDZJ200903025.htm
    [8] 董科研,佟首峰,宋延嵩,等.透射式激光目标半实物仿真系统研究[J].激光与红外,2012,42(6):609-612. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGHW201206003.htm

    DONG K Y,TONG S F,SONG Y S,et al.. Research on transmissive laser target hardware-in-the-loop simulation system[J]. Laser & Infrared,2012,42(6):609-612.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGHW201206003.htm
    [9] 张军强,吴清文,颜昌翔.星载成像光谱仪杂散光检测技术[J].中国光学与应用光学,2010,3(4):337-342. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201004005.htm

    ZHANG J Q,WU Q W,YAN CH X. Stray light measurement technologies for space-borne imaging spectrometer[J]. Chinese J. Optics Applied Optics,2010,3(4):337-342. (in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201004005.htm
    [10] 禹露,程德文,周伟,等.硬性内窥镜光学系统的杂散光分析与抑制[J].光学精密工程,2014,22(3):525-530. doi: 10.3788/OPE.

    YU L,CHENG D W,ZHOU W,et al.. Stray light analysis and suppression of rigid endoscope system[J]. Opt. Precision Eng.,2014,22(3):525-530.(in Chinese) doi: 10.3788/OPE.
    [11] 舒星星,刘卫林.可见光光学系统杂散光抑制[J].激光与光电子进展,2014,51:121101. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGDJ201412013.htm

    SHU X X,LIU W L. Suppression of stray light in visible light optical system[J]. Laser & Optoelectronics Progress,2014,51:121101.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-JGDJ201412013.htm
    [12] 闫佩佩,李刚,刘凯,等.不同结构地基光电探测系统的杂散光抑制[J].红外与激光工程,2015,44(3):917-922. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HWYJ201503024.htm

    YAN P P,LI G,LIU K,et al.. Stray light suppression of different ground-based photoelectric detection systems[J]. Infrared and Laser Engineering,2015,44(3):917-922.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HWYJ201503024.htm
    [13] 赵飞,王森,邓超,等.兴隆1 m光学望远镜消杂散光系统[J].光学精密工程,2010,18(3):513-520. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GXJM201003003.htm

    ZHAO F,WANG S,DENG CH,et al.. Stray light control lens for Xing Long 1-meter optical telescope[J]. Opt. Precision Eng.,2010,18(3):513-520.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-GXJM201003003.htm
    [14] 李岩,刘剑峰.红外光学遥感器内杂散光和外杂散光的综合抑制研究[J].光学学报,2013,33(9):0928002. doi: 10.3788/AOS

    LI Y,LIU J F. Research on integrative suppression of internal and external stray light in infrared optical remote sensor[J]. Acta Optica Sinica,2013,33(9):0928002.(in Chinese) doi: 10.3788/AOS
    [15] 陈万英,唐玉国,巴音贺希格,等.微型平像场近红外光谱仪的消像散设计[J].中国光学与应用光学,2010,3(3):263-267. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201003013.htm

    CHEN W Y,TAN Y G,BAYANHESHING,et al.. Suppression of stray light in micro flat-field near-infrared spectrometer[J]. Chinese J. Optics Applied Optics,2010,3(3):263-267.(in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201003013.htm
    [16] 程少园,曹召良,胡立发,等.消除角膜前表面反射杂散光方法的比较[J].中国光学与应用光学,2010,3(3):257-262. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201003012.htm

    CHENG SH Y,CAO ZH L,HU L F,et al.. Elimination of stray light reflected from anterior surface of cornea[J]. Chinese J. Optics Applied Optics,2010,3(3):257-262. (in Chinese) http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-ZGGA201003012.htm
    [17] SUN C M,ZHAO W,ZHANG Z. Stray light analysis of large aperture optical telescope using TracePro[J]. SPIE,2014,9298:92981F. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=1987994506&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [18] LIU F,YAN L,YANG Z J,et al.. Stray light analysis and test of low-light-level panoramic imaging system[J]. SPIE,2014,9282:92822T. http://cn.bing.com/academic/profile?id=1964638257&encoded=0&v=paper_preview&mkt=zh-cn
    [19] HUANG Z,BAI J,TIAN X L,et al.. Stray light analysis and suppression of panoramic annular lens[J]. Optics Express,2013,21(9):10810-10820. doi: 10.1364/OE.21.010810
  • 加载中
图(13) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1604
  • HTML全文浏览量:  347
  • PDF下载量:  656
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-07-13
  • 刊出日期:  2016-12-01

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回