Volume 12 Issue 3
Jun.  2019
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FU Jiang-liang, GAN Qing-bo, ZHANG Yang, ZHAO Ke-xin, YUAN Hong. Design and trade-off study of proof masses for future spatial drag-free missions[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 463-476. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0463
Citation: FU Jiang-liang, GAN Qing-bo, ZHANG Yang, ZHAO Ke-xin, YUAN Hong. Design and trade-off study of proof masses for future spatial drag-free missions[J]. Chinese Optics, 2019, 12(3): 463-476. doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0463

Design and trade-off study of proof masses for future spatial drag-free missions

doi: 10.3788/CO.20191203.0463

National Natural Science Foundation of China 11303029

National Natural Science Foundation of China U1731131

Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences 2018183

More Information
  • Corresponding author: GAN Qing-bo, E-mail:ganqingbo@nao.cas.cn
  • Received Date: 2018-11-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-01-04
  • Publish Date: 2019-06-01
  • As the gravitational reference object for drag-free spacecrafts, the structural optimal design, choice of material and related configuration comparisons of proof masses could provide information for gravitational reference sensors' modular designs in future spatial drag-free missions. Firstly, the determinants and design criteria of proof mass shape are discussed. The model of gravitational coupling between a point mass source and a cylindrical proof mass is established in test of the equivalence principle experiment. The optimization procedure for the structural dimension of proof masses is deduced in detail and the effects on structural design induced by special considerations for proof mass constraint surfaces and their principal moments of inertia are analyzed. Secondly, the choice of material for proof masses is determined by maximizing scientific measurement signal intensity and/or minimizing non-gravitational acceleration disturbance. Results show that materials with low magnetic susceptibility, high density and a low thermal expansion coefficient could be suitable. Finally, a trade-off study of several configurations of proof masses utilized in future space gravitational wave detection is performed from the following aspects:acceleration noise performance, flight heritage, technology maturity and drag-free control complexity.
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