Volume 10 Issue 1
Jan.  2017
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E Yi-wen, HUANG Yuan-yuan, XU Xin-long, WANG Li. Polarization sensitive terahertz measurements and applications[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(1): 98-113. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171001.0098
Citation: E Yi-wen, HUANG Yuan-yuan, XU Xin-long, WANG Li. Polarization sensitive terahertz measurements and applications[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(1): 98-113. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171001.0098

Polarization sensitive terahertz measurements and applications

doi: 10.3788/CO.20171001.0098

Supported by National Key Basic Research Program 2014CB339800

National Natural Science Foundation of China 11374240

National Natural Science Foundation of China 11374358

Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education of China 201310110007

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  • Corresponding author: E-mail:xlxuphy@nwu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 27 Oct 2016
  • Rev Recd Date: 17 Nov 2016
  • Publish Date: 25 Feb 2017
  • In Maxwell equations, the electromagnetic response of a medium is usually described by permittivity ε(ω) and permeability μ(ω) in constitutive relations. For an electromagnetic field propagating in a medium, there exist two independent eigen modes in general, each of which is a special particular solution of Maxwell equations, satisfies a unique dispersion relation and keeps its own polarization during propagation. If a traveling electromagnetic field is a linear superposition of the two eigen modes, its polarization will constantly change as propagating in medium, such as birefringence in anisotropic crystals, polarization modulation in metamaterials, optical activity in natural chiral materials and external magnetic field induced Faraday effects, etc. In this review, terahertz time-domain polarization measurement system is introduced, including principle, data processing and measurement accuracy. Polarization modulation using wire grid polarizer, metamaterial and other optical methods are discussed in detail. The applications of the polarization measurement system are reviewed in analyzing properties of chiral metamaterials, terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy and Faraday effects. Finally, we give a brief comment on the future development and prospect of the polarization sensitive terahertz measurement technique.


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