Volume 5 Issue 4
Aug.  2012
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
ZHANG Jing-xu. Overview of structure technologies of large aperture ground-based telescopes[J]. Chinese Optics, 2012, 5(4): 327-336. doi: 10.3788/CO.20120504.0327
Citation: ZHANG Jing-xu. Overview of structure technologies of large aperture ground-based telescopes[J]. Chinese Optics, 2012, 5(4): 327-336. doi: 10.3788/CO.20120504.0327

Overview of structure technologies of large aperture ground-based telescopes

doi: 10.3788/CO.20120504.0327
  • Received Date: 21 Mar 2012
  • Rev Recd Date: 23 May 2012
  • Publish Date: 10 Aug 2012
  • The developing status of large aperture ground-based telescopes is reviewed in this paper. The significance of bigger apertures for telescopes and their main technological approaches are expatiated and the summary on appliance values of modern large aperture telescopes is given. Then, it introduces five kinds of modern typical large telescope systems, which represent the topmost technological level. The key structures and technologies of large telescopes about mount, telescope tubes, primary mirror supports and secondary mirror assemblies are disscussed. Finally, it summarizes the developing trends of the large aperture ground-based telescopes and points out that some of the optical systems in the telescopes have been changed from coaxial systems to off-axial systems, while they are better application prospects.

     

  • loading
  • [1] BELY P Y. The Design and Construction of Large Optical Telescopes[M]. Berlin:Springer-verlag,2002. [2] 夏坚白.实用天文学[M]. 武汉:武汉大学出版社,2007. XIA J B. Practical Astronomy[M]. Wuhan:Wuhan University Publishing House,2007.(in Chinese) [3] CUI X Q. Progress and prospect of LAMOST project[J]. SPIE,2006,6267:626703. [4] CUI X Q. The optical performance of LAMOST telescope[J]. SPIE,2010,7733:773303. [5] CUI X Q. Preparing the first light of LAMOST[J]. SPIE,2008,7012:701203. [6] 苏定强.2.16 m天文望远镜工程文集[M]. 北京:中国科学技术出版社,2001. SU D Q. 2.16 m Astronomical Telescope Process Corpus[M]. Beijing:China Science & Technology,2001.( in Chinese) [7] KOEHLER B,FLEBUS C. VLTI auxiliary telescopes[J]. SPIE,2000,4006:13-24. [8] 李东源. 国外的地基对空间目标光电探测系统浅析[J]. 光电对抗与无源干扰 ,2003,69(1):9-11. LI D Y. Overview on photoelectric detection for ground base to space target aboard[J]. Photoelectricity Antagonize and Passive Disturb,2003,69(1):9-11.(in Chinese) [9] 孔建业. 美国空间目标监视系统概况[J]. 863先进防御技术通讯(A类) ,2000,8. KONG J Y. Overview of supervisory system in America for space target[J]. 863 Advanced Defensive Technology Communication(Class A),2000,8.(in Chinese) [10] 李颖. 空间目标监视系统发展现状及展望[J]. 国际太空 ,2004(6):28-32. LI Y. Present status and prospect of supervisory system for space target[J]. International Space,2004(6):28-32.(in Chinese) [11] VIGIL M L,DAVID J. Sensor suite for the Advanced Electro-Optical System(AEOS) 3.6 m telescope[J]. SPIE,1996,2819:151-169. [12] KIMBRELL J E. AEOS 3.67 m telescope primary mirror active control system[J]. SPIE,1998,3352:400-411. [13] HOUCHARD J. Orbital debris detection program highlights from the air force mauii optical station[J]. SPIE,1994,2214:7-20. [14] LIPINSKI R J. Laser beaming demonstrations at the starfire optical range[J]. SPIE,1995,2376:219-230. [15] FUGATE R Q. The starfire optical range 3.5 m adaptive optical telescope[J]. SPIE,2003,4837:934-943. [16] FUGATE R Q. The VLT enclosure design and construction[J]. SPIE,1997,2871:650. [17] 崔向群. 采用主动光学的大口径单块薄镜面的支撑系统 .南京:中科院南京紫金山天文台,1995. CUI X Q. Supporting system of large aperture thin monolithic primary mirror with active optics . Nanjing:Nanjing observatory,Chinese Academy of Sciences,1995.(in Chinese) [18] WILSON R N. Reflecting Telescope OpticsⅡ[M]. Berlin:Springer-verlag,2001. [19] ARCIDIACONO C. The opto-mechanical alignment procedure[J]. SPIE,2010,7733:773357. [20] ROBERTS S. Optical performance analysis and optimization of large telescope structural designs[J]. SPIE,2005,5867:58670O. [21] SZETO K,ROBERTS S,SUN S,et al.. TMT telescope structure system:design and development[J]. SPIE,2008,7012:70122G. [22] ROBERTS S. Systems engineering of the TMT through integrated opto-mechanical analysis[J]. SPIE,2010,7738:773818. [23] MARCHIORI G. New solutions for innovative ELT[J]. SPIE,2006,6148:614806. [24] ANDERSON T. An integrated model of the E-ELT[J]. SPIE,2008,7017:70170S. [25] MURGA G. Detail design and construction plans for a dome for the E-ELT[J]. SPIE,2010,7733:773324. [26] 程景全.天文望远镜原理和设计[M]. 北京:中国科学技术出版社,2002. CHENG J Q. Principle and Design of Astronical Telescope[M]. Beijing:China Science & Technology,2003.(in Chinese) [27] RAY F B. Active optics technology-an overview[J]. SPIE,1991,1532:188-206. [28] IYE M,NOGUCHI T. Active optics experiments with a 62 cm thin mirror[J]. SPIE,1990,1236:929-939. [29] 苏定强,崔向群. 主动光学—新一代大望远镜的关键技术[J]. 天文学进展 ,1999(17):1-13. SU D Q,CUI X Q. Active Optics—Pivotal technology of new Large aperture telescope[J]. Development in Astronomy,1999(17):1-13.(in Chinese) [30] YODER P R. Opto-Mechanical Systems Design[M]. New York:Marcel Dekker,Inc.,1993. [31] 程景全,李国平. 四翼梁式十字形中心支撑的力学特性[J]. 天文仪器与技术 ,1988(1):5-10. CHENG J Q,LI G P. Mechanical properties of crossed-vane type supporting structure[J]. Astronomical Instruments and Technology,1988(1):5-10.(in Chinese) [32] VAN BELLE G T. The scaling relationship between telescope cost and aperture size for very large telescopes[J]. SPIE,2004,5489:563.
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索
    Article views(3350) PDF downloads(1954) Cited by()
    Proportional views

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return