Volume 15 Issue 4
Jul.  2022
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SUN Hui-jie, HOU Shang-lin, LEI Jing-li. Investigation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in As2S3 photonic crystal fibers at the mid-infrared waveband[J]. Chinese Optics, 2022, 15(4): 835-844. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0003
Citation: SUN Hui-jie, HOU Shang-lin, LEI Jing-li. Investigation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in As2S3 photonic crystal fibers at the mid-infrared waveband[J]. Chinese Optics, 2022, 15(4): 835-844. doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0003

Investigation of stimulated Brillouin scattering in As2S3 photonic crystal fibers at the mid-infrared waveband

doi: 10.37188/CO.EN.2022-0003
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61665005); HongLiu First-class Disciplines Development Program of Lanzhou University of Technology
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  • Author Bio:

    SUN Huijie (1997—), male, was born in Zibo, Shandong province. He received his bachelor’s degree from Shandong University of Science and Technology in 2019. His research interests are on stimulated Brillouin scattering in mid-infrared fibers. E-mail: sunhj1997@foxmail.com

    HOU Shanglin (1970—), male, was born in Tianshui, Gansu province. He received his Ph.D degree from Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications in 2008. Currently, he is a professor in  School of Science on Lanzhou University of Technology. His research interests are on optical information transmission and fiber optic communication. E-mail: houshanglin@vip.163.com

  • Corresponding author: houshanglin@vip.163.com
  • Received Date: 23 Feb 2022
  • Accepted Date: 08 Apr 2022
  • Rev Recd Date: 08 Apr 2022
  • Available Online: 03 May 2022
  • Stimulated Brillouin scattering in As2S3 photonic crystal fibers was investigated at wavelengths of 2 μm to 6 μm by the finite element method. The numerical results indicate that the proposed photonic crystal fiber can maintain single-mode operation when the air filling factor is less than 0.6. The Brillouin frequency shift is mainly influenced by the pump wavelength and fiber structure. The Brillouin frequency shift decreases by 4.16 GHz when the pump wavelength is increased from 2 μm to 6 μm, while the Brillouin frequency shift changes by the order of megahertz when the rate of air filling increases from 0.5 to 0.6. The FWHM of the Brillouin gain spectrum depends on the phonon lifetime, and the FWHM of the Brillouin gain spectrum is nine times wider at a pump wavelength of 2 μm than that at a pump wavelength of 6 μm. The maximum Brillouin gain of the proposed fibers with air filling fractions of 0.5 and 0.6 are 2.413×10−10 m/W and 2.429×10−10 m/W, respectively. The Brillouin threshold is positively correlated with the pump wavelength for the same effective fiber length, and is 27.8% and 19.6% larger at a pump wavelength of 6 μm than that at 2 μm with air fill factors of 0.5 and 0.6, respectively. The numerical results are of great significance for the design and fabrication of optical devices or optical sensors based on the proposed fibers in the mid-infrared band.

     

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