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LI Chen-yu, HU Wen-zhe, ZHANG Xue-yan, LIU Han-wen, LIU Xiao-long, QU Liang, ZHU Meng, DUAN Hong-ying. Application of dual-wavelength nanosecond laser cleaning technology on stone artifacts[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2024-0002
Citation: LI Chen-yu, HU Wen-zhe, ZHANG Xue-yan, LIU Han-wen, LIU Xiao-long, QU Liang, ZHU Meng, DUAN Hong-ying. Application of dual-wavelength nanosecond laser cleaning technology on stone artifacts[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2024-0002

Application of dual-wavelength nanosecond laser cleaning technology on stone artifacts

doi: 10.37188/CO.2024-0002
Funds:  Supported by the National Key Research and Development Project (No. 2020YFE0204600)
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  • Corresponding author: lionat528@hotmail.com
  • Received Date: 02 Jan 2024
  • Accepted Date: 27 Mar 2024
  • Available Online: 13 Apr 2024
  • Traditional cleaning methods can not clean small pollution particles on the surface of cultural relics. It can easily cause irreversible damage to the surface of cultural relics. In order to improve the ability to clean pollutants, laser cleaning technology is gradually applied to clean different types of cultural relics. This paper develop a nanosecond laser cleaning system to clean the fragments of stone artifacts in the Palace Museum. The object of the cleanout is black crust pollutants. To avoid the yellowing effect, a dual wavelength combination of 1064 nm near-infrared and 355 nm ultraviolet was used for laser cleaning of simulated marble samples. When the energy density range of these two wavelengths is 3∶2, the system of the real-time observation microstructure photos shows good cleaning effect. This ratio 3∶2 is applied for the sample of marble fragments. The micro-Raman is utilized to evaluate the cleaning effect. The above experimental results confirm the advantages of laser cleaning and also provide the reference of laser cleaning parameters and evaluation methods for laser cleaning of surface pollutants on stone cultural relics. At the same time, it also provides reference for the laser cleaning technology to clean the surface of other stone cultural relics.

     

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