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YU Chao, CHU Xue-ying, JIANG Li, LI Jin-hua. Polarization sensitive luminescence properties of europium ions in ZnO microrod matrix[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0236
Citation: YU Chao, CHU Xue-ying, JIANG Li, LI Jin-hua. Polarization sensitive luminescence properties of europium ions in ZnO microrod matrix[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0236

Polarization sensitive luminescence properties of europium ions in ZnO microrod matrix

doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0236
Funds:  Supported by Natural Science Foundation Project of Jilin Province (No. 20220101031JC)
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  • Corresponding author: xueying_chu@cust.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 26 Dec 2023
  • Accepted Date: 15 Apr 2024
  • Available Online: 07 May 2024
  • Focusing on the influence of the matrix lattice anisotropy on the polarization luminescence of rare earth ions, ZnO microrods and europium-doped ZnO microrods were prepared using a hydrothermal method. Comparative studies have found that the length-to-diameter ratio of doped samples increases, and the morphology of the microrod changes from dumbbell-like to straight. Analysis of the optical properties shows that the bound exciton luminescence at 385-nm makes the UV luminescence of ZnO microrods appear asymmetrical, and a weak visible region luminescence was observed at 550 nm. After europium ion doping, the luminescence in the visible region is enhanced. For Eu3+ doped ZnO microrods, Eu3+ ion characteristic luminescence peaks with narrow half width can be observed under 532-nm excitation. When the polarization direction of the incident excitation light was adjusted, the emission of Eu3+ ions changed periodically with the angle of the polarized light. The polarization degree increases as the doping concentration increases. These results show that the luminescence of the europium ions in the ZnO microrod matrix lattice is sensitive to the polarization of excited light. Doped ZnO microrods can integrate the ultraviolet absorption properties of low-dimensional ZnO materials with the excellent visible luminescence properties of rare earth ions, meaning they have significant application value in fields such as polarization detection.


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