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CAO Yi-qing, SHEN Zhi-juan. Design of large aperture terahertz wave imaging optical system[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0175
Citation: CAO Yi-qing, SHEN Zhi-juan. Design of large aperture terahertz wave imaging optical system[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0175

Design of large aperture terahertz wave imaging optical system

doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0175
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 62205168); Young and Middle-aged Teachers’ Educational Research Projects of Fujian Province (No. JAT220294); Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (No. 2020J01916)
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  • The Terahertz wave possesses characteristics of high penetration, low energy, and fingerprint spectrum, etc., making it widely used in the detection field. Therefore, developing a Terahertz wave detection optical imaging system holds substantial significance and wide application prospects. Firstly, we refer to the structure of Tessar objective lens, which consists four lenses. The balance equations of aberration for the system were established through the application of the aberration theory of the paraxial optical system. Subsequently, we provide a solution function and method of the initial structure parameters of the system. Then, we combine it with optical design software to further correct the aberration of the system. Finally, we design a Terahertz wave detection optical imaging system with a large aperture. The optical system consists of four coaxial refractive lenses with a total focal length of 70 mm, an F-number of 1.4, and a full field of view angle of 8°. The value of modulation transfer function (MTF) in the range of full field of view angle is greater than 0.32 at the Nyquist frequency of 10 lp/mm, and the root mean square (RMS) radius of the diffused spot in each field of view is less than the airy disk radius. Finally, the paper analyzes and discusses the various tolerance types of the system. The results indicate that the Terahertz wave detection optical imaging system, designed in this paper, has a large aperture, a simple, compact form, a lightweight structure, excellent imaging performance and simple processing, which meets the design requirements, and it has important applications in the field of high-resolution detection and other fields within the Terahertz wave band.


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