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XIAO Peng-yi, LIU Ming-xin, YAN Lei, HU Ming-yu, ZHANG Xin. An MTF calculation model under the influence of ghost images[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0121
Citation: XIAO Peng-yi, LIU Ming-xin, YAN Lei, HU Ming-yu, ZHANG Xin. An MTF calculation model under the influence of ghost images[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0121

An MTF calculation model under the influence of ghost images

doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0121
Funds:  Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 62005217)
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  • Ghost images, as a type of stray light, are caused by residual reflected light between the optical surfaces. These images can degrade image clarity, annihilation targets, and severely affect the performance of optical systems. To investigate the impact of ghost images on optical system performance, we developed a Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) calculation model under the influence of ghost images generated by secondary reflection. This paper first introduces the method of analyzing and describing using the paraxial approximation. Then, starting from the definition of the MTF, and considering the influence of ghost image irradiance on the modulation of the image plane, a calculation model for calculating the MTF under the influence of ghost images is constructed. After performing calculations and comparing them to simulation results, it was found that the maximum mean square error was less than 0.049373, which verifies the accuracy of the model. Furthermore, a detailed analysis was conducted, examining cases that exhibited larger errors and clarifying the range in which this calculation method can be applied The research results indicate that the paraxial approximation method is both accurate and reliable when calculating the MTF under the influence of ghost images is accurate, and is applicable in most cases. This study serves as a valuable exploration in the ghost image analysis of optical systems.


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