Volume 16 Issue 6
Nov.  2023
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CHEN Bao-hua, WU Quan-ying, TANG Yun-hai, FAN Jun-liu, CHEN Xiao-yi, YU Hao-mo, SUN Yi. Design of an optical system for generating ring-shaped laser beam[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(6): 1365-1375. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0045
Citation: CHEN Bao-hua, WU Quan-ying, TANG Yun-hai, FAN Jun-liu, CHEN Xiao-yi, YU Hao-mo, SUN Yi. Design of an optical system for generating ring-shaped laser beam[J]. Chinese Optics, 2023, 16(6): 1365-1375. doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0045

Design of an optical system for generating ring-shaped laser beam

doi: 10.37188/CO.2023-0045
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 62275187, No. 61875145, No. 11804243); The Jiangsu Key Disciplines of the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan (No. 2021135); Suzhou Industrial Outlook and Key Core Technology Project (No. SYC2022145); Suzhou Key Laboratory (No. SZS201202)
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  • Corresponding author: wqycyh@mail.usts.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 20 Mar 2023
  • Rev Recd Date: 19 Apr 2023
  • Available Online: 12 Jul 2023
  • We present a method for designing a transmissive-reflective combined optical system to generate a focused ring-shaped laser beam. The design aims to achieve a freely adjustable radius for the focused ring-shaped laser beam and ensure uniform beam intensity even after defocusing. Based on the principle of equal energy splitting, the transmissive system establishes mapping functions for the input and output light projection height. It optimizes the lens parameters to shape the incident Gaussian light into a flat-topped circular shape, thus achieving uniformity of beam intensity. On the other hand, the reflective system uses the adjustable diameter range of the focal plane ring-shaped light and working distance parameters. By applying the principle of geometric ray tracing, it calculates the parameters of the conical reflecting mirror, parabolic cylindrical mirror, and dynamic mirror, then the flat-topped circular light is transformed into a ring-shaped light. The experimental results show that when the half-apex angle of the dynamic mirror is 16°, the designed system can achieve a freely adjustable radius for the focused ring-shaped laser beam from 15 mm to 30 mm with a size error not more than 0.05 mm, and the intensity uniformity after defocusing reaches 84%. The design method can achieve both uniformity of intensity and freedom of size adjustment without replacing the system lens. It has good operability and yields higher precision and efficiency in the processing of ring-shaped light.

     

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