Volume 15 Issue 6
Dec.  2022
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ZUO Chao, CHEN Qian. Resolution, super-resolution and spatial bandwidth product expansion——some thoughts from the perspective of computational optical imaging[J]. Chinese Optics, 2022, 15(6): 1105-1166. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0105
Citation: ZUO Chao, CHEN Qian. Resolution, super-resolution and spatial bandwidth product expansion——some thoughts from the perspective of computational optical imaging[J]. Chinese Optics, 2022, 15(6): 1105-1166. doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0105

Resolution, super-resolution and spatial bandwidth product expansion——some thoughts from the perspective of computational optical imaging

doi: 10.37188/CO.2022-0105
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. U21B2033); National Major Scientific Instrument Development Project (No. 62227818); National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2022YFB2804600, No. 2022YFB2804603); Leading Technology of Jiangsu Basic Research Plan (No. BK20192003); Biomedical Competition Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BE2022847); Key National Industrial Technology Cooperation Foundation of Jiangsu Province (No. BZ2022039)
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  • Conventional optical imaging is essentially a process of recording and reproducing the intensity signal of a scene in the spatial dimension with direct uniform sampling. In this process, the resolution and information content of imaging are inevitably constrained by several physical limitations such as optical diffraction limit, detector sampling, and spatial bandwidth product of the imaging system. How to break these physical limitations and obtain higher resolution and broader image field of view has been an eternal topic in this field. In this paper, we introduce the basic theories and technologies associated with the resolution, super-resolution, and spatial bandwidth product expansion, as well as some examples in the field of computational optical imaging. By placing these specific cases into the higher dimensional framework of "computational optical imaging", this paper reveals that most of them can be understood as a "spatial bandwidth regulation" scheme, i.e., a process of exploiting the available degrees of freedom of the imaging system to optimally encode, decode, and transmit information within the constraints of the limited spatial bandwidth of the imaging system, or figuratively speaking - "dancing with shackles". This is essentially a legal trade-off and choice between "gain" and "loss" under physical constraints. The conclusions of this paper are expected to provide valuable insights into the design and exploration of new imaging mechanisms and methods for various complex practical imaging applications.


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