Volume 14 Issue 2
Mar.  2021
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WU Ni-shan, XIA Li. Interrogation technology for quasi-distributed optical fiber sensing systems based on microwave photonics[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(2): 245-263. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0121
Citation: WU Ni-shan, XIA Li. Interrogation technology for quasi-distributed optical fiber sensing systems based on microwave photonics[J]. Chinese Optics, 2021, 14(2): 245-263. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0121

Interrogation technology for quasi-distributed optical fiber sensing systems based on microwave photonics

doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0121
Funds:  Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61675078)
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  • Author Bio:

    WU Nishan (1995—), female, born in Wuhan City, Hubei Province. She received her bachelor's degree from Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2017. She is now a doctoral candidate in the School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. She is mainly engaged in the research on the demodulation of optical fiber sensing network. E-mail: nswu@hust.edu.cn

    XIA Li (1976—), male, born in Wuhan City, Hubei Province. He is a doctor, professor and doctoral supervisor. In 2004, he received his doctorate from Tsinghua University. Later he worked as a postdoctor and research fellow in the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. In 2009, he joined the School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology. He is mainly engaged in the research of chemical and biological OFS design, OFS microstructure application and OFS network, etc. E-mail: xiali@hust.edu.cn

  • Corresponding author: xiali@hust.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-07-14
  • Rev Recd Date: 2020-08-13
  • Available Online: 2021-02-02
  • Publish Date: 2021-03-23
  • Quasi-distributed fiber sensing systems play an important role in the fields of civil engineering, energy surveying, aerospace, national defense, chemicals, etc. Interrogation technology for quasi-distributed fiber sensing systems based on microwave photonics is widely used in high-speed and high-precision signal demodulation and sensor positioning in optical fiber multiplexing systems. Compared to conventional optical wavelength interrogation, this technology greatly improves system demodulation rate and compensates for the defects of traditional sensor positioning methods. This paper introduces the recent research progress of quasi-distributed fiber sensing interrogation technology based on microwave photonics; compares and analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of several existing microwave demodulation systems from the perspective of their fiber grating quasi-distributed sensing and fiber Fabry-Perot quasi-distributed sensing systems, respectively; and provides a summary of the prospective direction of future research in quasi-distributed fiber sensing interrogation technology based on microwave photonics.
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