Volume 13 Issue 4
Aug.  2020
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents

DANG Wen-jia, LI Zhe, LI Yu-ting, LU Na, ZHANG Lei, TIAN Xiao, YANG Hui-hui. Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(4): 676-694. doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208
Citation: DANG Wen-jia, LI Zhe, LI Yu-ting, LU Na, ZHANG Lei, TIAN Xiao, YANG Hui-hui. Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(4): 676-694. doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208

Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers

doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208
Funds:  Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.11804264); Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi (No.2019JQ-914); Innovation Capability Support Program of Shaanxi (N0.2019KRM093); Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (No.17JK0394; No.19JK0429)
More Information
  • Corresponding author: wenjia_dang@126.com
  • Received Date: 2019-10-24
  • Rev Recd Date: 2019-11-21
  • Available Online: 2020-06-29
  • Publish Date: 2020-08-01
  • High power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers have unique advantages such as high electro-optical efficiency, excellent beam quality and good thermal management. For these reasons, these fiber lasers are widely used in industrial processing, national defense and military, and scientific research. However, their non-linear and thermal effects at high-power conditions limit the further improvement of their output power. In this paper, the formation mechanism and corresponding suppression methods of stimulated raman scattering and thermally induced mode instability are analyzed. We hope that these analyses can provide some reference for the design and integration of high-power fiber laser systems. The research results for overcoming these limited factors introduced since 2015 are then discussed in detail. This paper is concluded by predicting the development prospects of high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers.
  • [1]
    KOESTER C J, SNITZER E. Amplification in a fiber laser[J]. Applied Optics, 1964, 3(10): 1182-1186. doi:  10.1364/AO.3.001182
    [2]
    DOMINIC V, MACCORMACK S, WAARTS R, et al. 110 W fibre laser[J]. Electronics Letters, 1999, 35(14): 1158-1160. doi:  10.1049/el:19990792
    [3]
    JEONG Y, SAHU J K, PAYNE D N, et al. Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power[J]. Optics Express, 2004, 12(25): 6088-6092. doi:  10.1364/OPEX.12.006088
    [4]
    JEONG Y C, BOYLAND A J, SAHU J K, et al. Multi-kilowatt single-mode ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser[J]. Journal of the Optical Society of Korea, 2009, 13(4): 416-422. doi:  10.3807/JOSK.2009.13.4.416
    [5]
    WIRTH C, SCHMIDT O, KLINER A, et al. High-power tandem pumped fiber amplifier with an output power of 2.9 kW[J]. Optics Letters, 2011, 36(16): 3061-3063. doi:  10.1364/OL.36.003061
    [6]
    INJEYAN H, GOODNO G D. High-Power Laser Handbook[M]. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.
    [7]
    YU H B, KLINER D A V, LIAO K H, et al. 1.2-kW single-mode fiber laser based on 100-W high-brightness pump diodes[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2012, 8237: 82370G. doi:  10.1117/12.908454
    [8]
    O'CONNOR M, GAPONTSEV V, FOMIN V, et al.. Power scaling of SM fiber lasers toward 10 kW[C]. Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Optical Society of America, 2009: CThA3.
    [9]
    SHINER B. The impact of fiber laser technology on the world wide material processing market[C]. CLEO: Applications and Technology, Optical Society of America, 2013: AF2J. 1.
    [10]
    DAWSON J W, MESSERLY M J, BEACH R J, et al. Analysis of the scalability of diffraction-limited fiber lasers and amplifiers to high average power[J]. Optics Express, 2008, 16(17): 13240-13266. doi:  10.1364/OE.16.013240
    [11]
    OTTO H J, JAUREGUI C, LIMPERT J, et al. Average power limit of fiber-laser systems with nearly diffraction-limited beam quality[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2016, 9728: 97280E.
    [12]
    王立军, 彭航宇, 张俊. 大功率半导体激光合束进展[J]. 中国光学,2015,8(4):517-534. doi:  10.3788/co.20150804.0517

    WANG L J, PENG H Y, ZHANG J. Advance on high power diode laser coupling[J]. Chinese Optics, 2015, 8(4): 517-534. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3788/co.20150804.0517
    [13]
    HU M, KE W W, YANG Y F, et al. Low threshold Raman effect in high power narrowband fiber amplifier[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2016, 14(1): 011901. doi:  10.3788/COL201614.011901
    [14]
    HANSEN K R, ALKESKJOLD T T, BROENG J, et al. Theoretical analysis of mode instability in high-power fiber amplifiers[J]. Optics Express, 2013, 21(2): 1944-1971. doi:  10.1364/OE.21.001944
    [15]
    BROWN D C, HOFFMAN H J. Thermal, stress, and thermo-optic effects in high average power double-clad silica fiber lasers[J]. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 2001, 37(2): 207-217. doi:  10.1109/3.903070
    [16]
    住村和彦, 西浦匡则. 图解光纤激光器入门[M]. 宋鑫, 译. 北京: 机械工业出版社, 2013: 74-84.

    KAZUHIKO SUMIMURA. Graphical Introduction to Fiber Lasers[M]. SONG X, trans. Beijing: China Machine Press, 2013: 74-84. (in Chinese)
    [17]
    JAUREGUI C, LIMPERT J, TUNNERMANN A. High-power fibre lasers[J]. Nature Photonics, 2013, 7(11): 861-867. doi:  10.1038/nphoton.2013.273
    [18]
    TER-MIKIRTYCHEV V V. Fundamentals of Fiber Lasers and Fiber Amplifiers[M]. Cham: Springer, 2014.
    [19]
    阿戈沃 G. 非线性光纤光学[M]. 贾东方, 葛春风, 王肇颖, 等, 译. 5版. 北京: 电子工业出版社, 2014: 204-206.

    AGRAWAL G. Nonlinear Fiber Optics[M]. JIA D F, GE CH F, WANG ZH Y, et al, trans. 5th ed. Beijing: Publishing House of Electronics Industry, 2014: 204-206. (in Chinese)
    [20]
    AGRAWAL G P. Nonlinear fiber optics: its history and recent progress[Invited][J]. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2011, 28(12): A1-A10. doi:  10.1364/JOSAB.28.0000A1
    [21]
    RICHARDSON D J, NILSSON J, CLARKSON W A. High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives[Invited][J]. Journal of the Optical Society of America B, 2010, 27(11): B63-B92. doi:  10.1364/JOSAB.27.000B63
    [22]
    陈吉欣, 隋展, 陈福深, 等. 高功率双包层光纤激光器的受激拉曼散射[J]. 中国激光,2006,33(3):298-302. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0258-7025.2006.03.003

    CHEN J X, SUI ZH, CHEN F SH, et al. Stimulated Raman scattering in high power double clad fiber laser[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2006, 33(3): 298-302. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0258-7025.2006.03.003
    [23]
    JAIN D, JUNG Y M, BARUA P, et al. Demonstration of ultra-low NA rare-earth doped step index fiber for applications in high power fiber lasers[J]. Optics Express, 2015, 23(6): 7407-7415. doi:  10.1364/OE.23.007407
    [24]
    LIMPERT J, LIEM A, REICH M, et al. Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier[J]. Optics Express, 2004, 12(7): 1313-1319. doi:  10.1364/OPEX.12.001313
    [25]
    GU G C, KONG F T, HAWKINS T W, et al. Impact of fiber outer boundaries on leaky mode losses in leakage channel fibers[J]. Optics Express, 2013, 21(20): 24039-24048. doi:  10.1364/OE.21.024039
    [26]
    JAIN D, JUNG Y, KIM J, et al. Robust single-mode all-solid multi-trench fiber with large effective mode area[J]. Optics Letters, 2014, 39(17): 5200-5203. doi:  10.1364/OL.39.005200
    [27]
    胡姝玲, 张春熹, 高春清, 等. 包层抽运掺镱光纤激光器中受激拉曼散射和受激布里渊散射效应[J]. 中国激光,2008,35(1):6-10. doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0258-7025.2008.01.002

    HU SH L, ZHANG CH X, GAO CH Q, et al. Stimulated Raman scattering and stimulated Brillouin scattering effects in ytterbium doped double clad fiber laser[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2008, 35(1): 6-10. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3321/j.issn:0258-7025.2008.01.002
    [28]
    SCHREIBER T, LIEM A, FREIER E, et al. Analysis of stimulated Raman scattering in CW kW fiber oscillators[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2014, 8961: 89611T.
    [29]
    LIU W, MA P F, LV H B, et al. General analysis of SRS-limited high-power fiber lasers and design strategy[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(23): 26715-26721. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.026715
    [30]
    XU H Y, JIANG M, SHI CH, et al. Spectral shaping for suppressing stimulated-Raman-scattering in a fiber laser[J]. Applied Optics, 2017, 56(12): 3538-3542. doi:  10.1364/AO.56.003538
    [31]
    JANSEN F, NODOP D, JAUREGUI C, et al. Modeling the inhibition of stimulated Raman scattering in passive and active fibers by lumped spectral filters in high power fiber laser systems[J]. Optics Express, 2009, 17(18): 16255-16265. doi:  10.1364/OE.17.016255
    [32]
    NODOP D, JAUREGUI C, JANSEN F, et al. Suppression of stimulated Raman scattering employing long period gratings in double-clad fiber amplifiers[J]. Optics Letters, 2010, 35(17): 2982-2984. doi:  10.1364/OL.35.002982
    [33]
    BOCK V, SCHULTZE T, LIEM A, et al.. The influence of different seed sources on Stimulated Raman Scattering in fiber amplifiers[C]. European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and European Quantum Electronics Conference. Optical Society of America, 2017: CJ_4_3.
    [34]
    WANG W L, LENG J Y, GAO Y, et al. Influence of temporal characteristics on the power scalability of the fiber amplifier[J]. Laser Physics, 2015, 25(3): 035101. doi:  10.1088/1054-660X/25/3/035101
    [35]
    LIU W, MA P F, LV H B, et al. Investigation of stimulated Raman scattering effect in high-power fiber amplifiers seeded by narrow-band filtered superfluorescent source[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(8): 8708-8717. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.008708
    [36]
    ZERVAS M N. High power ytterbium-doped fiber lasers—fundamentals and applications[J]. International Journal of Modern Physics B, 2014, 28(12): 1442009. doi:  10.1142/S0217979214420090
    [37]
    BEIER F, HEINZIG M, WALBAUM T, et al.. Determination of thermal load from core temperature measurements in single mode ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers[C]. Advanced Solid State Lasers, Optical Society of America, 2015: ATh2A. 23.
    [38]
    花景田, 陈宝玖, 孙佳石, 等. 稀土掺杂材料的上转换发光[J]. 中国光学与应用光学,2010,3(4):301-309. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.2095-1531.2010.04.001

    HUA J T, CHEN B J, SUN J SH, et al. Introduction to up-conversion luminescence of rare earth doped materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Optics and Applied Optics, 2010, 3(4): 301-309. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3969/j.issn.2095-1531.2010.04.001
    [39]
    ŠUŠNJAR P, AGREŽ V, PETKOVŠEK R. Photodarkening as a heat source in ytterbium doped fiber amplifiers[J]. Optics Express, 2018, 26(5): 6420-6426. doi:  10.1364/OE.26.006420
    [40]
    ZHANG H W, ZHOU P, WANG X L, et al.. Fiber fuse effect in high-power double-clad fiber laser[C]. 2013 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Pacific Rim, IEEE, 2013: 1-2.
    [41]
    DONG L. Thermal lensing in optical fibers[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(17): 19841-19852. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.019841
    [42]
    JAUREGUI C, EIDAM T, OTTO H J, et al. Physical origin of mode instabilities in high-power fiber laser systems[J]. Optics Express, 2012, 20(12): 12912-12925. doi:  10.1364/OE.20.012912
    [43]
    TAO R M, MA P F, WANG X L, et al. Study of wavelength dependence of mode instability based on a semi-analytical model[J]. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 2015, 51(8): 1600106.
    [44]
    CODEMARD C A, SAHU J K, NILSSON J. Tandem cladding-pumping for control of excess gain in ytterbium-doped fiber amplifiers[J]. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 2010, 46(12): 1860-1869. doi:  10.1109/JQE.2010.2076408
    [45]
    SHI W, FANG Q, ZHU X SH, et al. Fiber lasers and their applications[Invited][J]. Applied Optics, 2014, 53(28): 6554-6568. doi:  10.1364/AO.53.006554
    [46]
    张雪霞, 葛廷武, 丁星, 等. 分布式抽运连续光纤激光器研究[J]. 发光学报,2016,37(9):1071-1075. doi:  10.3788/fgxb20163709.1071

    ZHANG X X, GE T W, DING X, et al. Study of continuous fiber laser with distributed pump structure[J]. Chinese Journal of Luminescence, 2016, 37(9): 1071-1075. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3788/fgxb20163709.1071
    [47]
    LIMPERT J, STUTZKI F, JANSEN F, et al. Yb-doped large-pitch fibres: effective single-mode operation based on higher-order mode delocalisation[J]. Light:Science &Applications, 2012, 1(4): e8.
    [48]
    MA X Q, ZHU CH, HU I N, et al. Single-mode chirally-coupled-core fibers with larger than 50 μm diameter cores[J]. Optics Express, 2014, 22(8): 9206-9219. doi:  10.1364/OE.22.009206
    [49]
    MASHIKO Y, NGUYEN H K, KASHIWAGI M, et al. 2 kW single-mode fiber laser with 20-m long delivery fiber and high SRS suppression[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2016, 9728: 972805. doi:  10.1117/12.2212049
    [50]
    IKOMA S, NGUYEN H K, KASHIWAGI M, et al. 3 kW single stage all-fiber Yb-doped single-mode fiber laser for highly reflective and highly thermal conductive materials processing[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2017, 10083: 100830Y.
    [51]
    SHIMA K, IKOMA S, UCHIYAMA K, et al. 5-kW single stage all-fiber Yb-doped single-mode fiber laser for materials processing[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2018, 10512: 105120C.
    [52]
    MÖLLER F, KRÄMER R G, MATZDORF C, et al.. Comparison between bidirectional pumped Yb-doped all-fiber single-mode amplifier and oscillator setup up to a power level of 5 kW[C]. Advanced Solid State Lasers, Optical Society of America, 2018: AM2A. 3.
    [53]
    YANG B L, ZHANG H W, WANG X L, et al. Mitigating transverse mode instability in a single-end pumped all-fiber laser oscillator with a scaling power of up to 2 kW[J]. Journal of Optics, 2016, 18(10): 105803. doi:  10.1088/2040-8978/18/10/105803
    [54]
    YANG B L, ZHANG H W, SHI CH, et al. Mitigating transverse mode instability in all-fiber laser oscillator and scaling power up to 2.5 kW employing bidirectional-pump scheme[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(24): 27828-27835. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.027828
    [55]
    YANG B L, ZHANG H W, SHI CH, et al. 3.05 kW monolithic fiber laser oscillator with simultaneous optimizations of stimulated Raman scattering and transverse mode instability[J]. Journal of Optics, 2018, 20(2): 025802. doi:  10.1088/2040-8986/aa9ec0
    [56]
    YANG B L, SHI CH, ZHANG H W, et al. Monolithic fiber laser oscillator with record high power[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2018, 15(7): 075106. doi:  10.1088/1612-202X/aac19f
    [57]
    YING H Y, YU Y, CAO J Q, et al. 2 kW pump-light-stripper-free distributed side-coupled cladding-pumped fiber oscillator[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2017, 14(6): 065102. doi:  10.1088/1612-202X/aa6dc8
    [58]
    CHEN H, CAO J Q, HUANG ZH H, et al.. 4-kilowatt all-fiber distributed side-pumped oscillators[C]. Advanced Solid State Lasers, Optical Society of America, 2018: AM6A. 18.
    [59]
    KUHN S, HEIN S, HUPEL C, et al.. Towards monolithic single-mode Yb-doped fiber amplifiers with > 4 kW average power[C]. Advanced Solid State Lasers, Optical Society of America, 2016: ATu4A. 2.
    [60]
    YU H L, ZHANG H W, LV H B, et al. 3.15 kW direct diode-pumped near diffraction-limited all-fiber-integrated fiber laser[J]. Applied Optics, 2015, 54(14): 4556-4560. doi:  10.1364/AO.54.004556
    [61]
    XIAO H, LENG J Y, ZHANG H W, et al. High-power 1018 nm ytterbium-doped fiber laser and its application in tandem pump[J]. Applied Optics, 2015, 54(27): 8166-8169. doi:  10.1364/AO.54.008166
    [62]
    WANG M, WANG Z F, LIU L, et al. Effective suppression of stimulated Raman scattering in half 10 kW tandem pumping fiber lasers using chirped and tilted fiber Bragg gratings[J]. Photonics Research, 2019, 7(2): 167-171. doi:  10.1364/PRJ.7.000167
    [63]
    WANG J M, YAN D P, XIONG S S, et al. High power all-fiber amplifier with different seed power injection[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(13): 14463-14469. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.014463
    [64]
    HOU CH Q, ZHU Y G, ZHENG J K, et al. Ytterbium-doped double-cladding fiber with 3.5 kW output power, fabricated by chelate gas phase deposition technique[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2016, 6(4): 979-985. doi:  10.1364/OME.6.000979
    [65]
    ZHENG J K, ZHAO W, ZHAO B Y, et al. 4.62 kW excellent beam quality laser output with a low-loss Yb/Ce co-doped fiber fabricated by chelate gas phase deposition technique[J]. Optical Materials Express, 2017, 7(4): 1259-1266. doi:  10.1364/OME.7.001259
    [66]
    ZHAN H, LIU Q Y, WANG Y Y, et al. 5 kW GTWave fiber amplifier directly pumped by commercial 976 nm laser diodes[J]. Optics Express, 2016, 24(24): 27087-27095. doi:  10.1364/OE.24.027087
    [67]
    林傲祥, 湛欢, 彭昆, 等. 国产复合功能光纤实现万瓦激光输出[J]. 强激光与粒子束,2018,30(6):060101. doi:  10.11884/HPLPB201830.180110

    LIN A X, ZHAN H, PENG K, et al. 10 kW-level pump-gain integrated functional laser fiber[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2018, 30(6): 060101. (in Chinese) doi:  10.11884/HPLPB201830.180110
    [68]
    YAN P, HUANG Y SH, SUN J Y, et al. 3.1 kW monolithic MOPA configuration fibre laser bidirectionally pumped by non-wavelength-stabilized laser diodes[J]. Laser Physics Letters, 2017, 14(8): 080001. doi:  10.1088/1612-202X/aa7c92
    [69]
    XIAO Q R, LI D, HUANG Y SH, et al. Directly diode and bi-directional pumping 6 kW continuous-wave all-fibre laser[J]. Laser Physics, 2018, 28(12): 125107. doi:  10.1088/1555-6611/aae4a1
    [70]
    FANG Q, LI J H, SHI W, et al. 5 kW near-diffraction-limited and 8 kW high-brightness monolithic continuous wave fiber lasers directly pumped by laser diodes[J]. IEEE Photonics Journal, 2017, 9(5): 1506107.
    [71]
    陈晓龙, 楼风光, 何宇, 等. 高效率全国产化10 kW光纤激光器[J]. 光学学报,2019,39(3):0336001. doi:  10.3788/AOS201939.0336001

    CHEN X L, LOU F G, HE Y, et al. Home-made 10 kW fiber laser with high efficiency[J]. Acta Optica Sinica, 2019, 39(3): 0336001. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3788/AOS201939.0336001
    [72]
    OTTO H J, MODSCHING N, JAUREGUI C, et al. Impact of photodarkening on the mode instability threshold[J]. Optics Express, 2015, 23(12): 15265-15277. doi:  10.1364/OE.23.015265
    [73]
    王小林, 陶汝茂, 杨保来, 等. 掺镱全光纤激光振荡器横向模式不稳定与受激拉曼散射的关系[J]. 中国激光,2018,45(8):0801008. doi:  10.3788/CJL201845.0801008

    WANG X L, TAO R M, YANG B L, et al. Relationship between transverse mode instability and stimulated Raman scattering in ytterbium doped all-fiber laser oscillator[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2018, 45(8): 0801008. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3788/CJL201845.0801008
    [74]
    HONEA E, AFZAL R S, SAVAGE-LEUCHS M, et al. Advances in fiber laser spectral beam combining for power scaling[J]. Proceedings of SPIE, 2016, 9730: 97300Y.
    [75]
    SHCHERBAKOV E A, FOMIN V V, ABRAMOV A A, et al.. Industrial grade 100 kW power CW fiber laser[C]. Advanced Solid State Lasers, Optical Society of America, 2013: ATh4A. 2.
    [76]
    郑也, 杨依枫, 赵翔, 等. 高功率光纤激光光谱合成技术的研究进展[J]. 中国激光,2017,44(2):0201002. doi:  10.3788/CJL201744.0201002

    ZHENG Y, YANG Y F, ZHAO X, et al. Research progress on spectral beam combining technology of high-power fiber lasers[J]. Chinese Journal of Lasers, 2017, 44(2): 0201002. (in Chinese) doi:  10.3788/CJL201744.0201002
  • 加载中
通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
  • 1. 

    沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

  1. 本站搜索
  2. 百度学术搜索
  3. 万方数据库搜索
  4. CNKI搜索

Figures(26)  / Tables(1)

Article views(352) PDF downloads(39) Cited by()

Proportional views

Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers

doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208
Funds:  Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.11804264); Natural Science Basic Research Program of Shaanxi (No.2019JQ-914); Innovation Capability Support Program of Shaanxi (N0.2019KRM093); Scientific Research Program Funded by Shaanxi Provincial Education Department (No.17JK0394; No.19JK0429)

Abstract: High power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers have unique advantages such as high electro-optical efficiency, excellent beam quality and good thermal management. For these reasons, these fiber lasers are widely used in industrial processing, national defense and military, and scientific research. However, their non-linear and thermal effects at high-power conditions limit the further improvement of their output power. In this paper, the formation mechanism and corresponding suppression methods of stimulated raman scattering and thermally induced mode instability are analyzed. We hope that these analyses can provide some reference for the design and integration of high-power fiber laser systems. The research results for overcoming these limited factors introduced since 2015 are then discussed in detail. This paper is concluded by predicting the development prospects of high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers.

DANG Wen-jia, LI Zhe, LI Yu-ting, LU Na, ZHANG Lei, TIAN Xiao, YANG Hui-hui. Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(4): 676-694. doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208
Citation: DANG Wen-jia, LI Zhe, LI Yu-ting, LU Na, ZHANG Lei, TIAN Xiao, YANG Hui-hui. Recent advances in high-power continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2020, 13(4): 676-694. doi: 10.37188/CO.2019-0208

Catalog

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return