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基于激光的测量技术在燃烧流场诊断中的应用

刘晶儒 胡志云

刘晶儒, 胡志云. 基于激光的测量技术在燃烧流场诊断中的应用[J]. 中国光学, 2018, 11(4): 531-549. doi: 10.3788/CO.20181104.0531
引用本文: 刘晶儒, 胡志云. 基于激光的测量技术在燃烧流场诊断中的应用[J]. 中国光学, 2018, 11(4): 531-549. doi: 10.3788/CO.20181104.0531
LIU Jing-ru, HU Zhi-yun. Applications of measurement techniques based on lasers in combustion flow field diagnostics[J]. Chinese Optics, 2018, 11(4): 531-549. doi: 10.3788/CO.20181104.0531
Citation: LIU Jing-ru, HU Zhi-yun. Applications of measurement techniques based on lasers in combustion flow field diagnostics[J]. Chinese Optics, 2018, 11(4): 531-549. doi: 10.3788/CO.20181104.0531

基于激光的测量技术在燃烧流场诊断中的应用

doi: 10.3788/CO.20181104.0531
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金资助项目 91541203

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘晶儒(1945-), 女, 辽宁沈阳人。研究员, 博导。1967年于哈尔滨工业大学光学仪器专业毕业。主要从事激光技术及应用方面的研究。E-mail:liujingru@nint.ac.cn

    胡志云(1969—), 男, 河南浚县人, 高级工程师, 2013年于西北核技术研究所获得博士学位。主要从事燃烧流场激光诊断技术及应用方面的研究。E-mail:huzhiyun@nint.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: O433

Applications of measurement techniques based on lasers in combustion flow field diagnostics

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 91541203

More Information
  • 摘要: 分析了工业发动机湍流燃烧场诊断的需求和面临的挑战,介绍了燃烧流场组分浓度、温度和速度等主要参数的激光测量技术,给出了其基本原理、在燃烧场诊断中的应用和国内外研究现状,分析了不同技术的特点及其适用性。简介了多参数综合诊断的作用和进展。对目前诊断和测量存在的主要问题和发展趋势进行了探讨。
  • 图  1  测量的燃料与空气混合比的分布(曲线1为平均值, 曲线2为RMS值)[3]

    Figure  1.  Experimental mean(curve 1) and RMS fluctuation(curve 2) mixture fraction data[3]

    图  2  煤油燃烧场主要组分拉曼散射谱(左)及主要组分摩尔分数随时间变化(右)[6]

    Figure  2.  Typical measured Raman spectrum(left) and mole fractions of the major species(right) in kerosene flame[6]

    图  3  自由基OH的能级转移过程示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram showing energy transfer processes in the OH radical

    图  4  超燃冲压发动机燃烧室OH浓度分布图像[15]

    Figure  4.  OH PLIF images for hydrogen injection at each of the equivalence ratios[15]

    图  5  时间序列速度场测量结果[19]

    Figure  5.  Sequence of instantaneous velocity field measurements[19]

    图  6  时间序列OH-PLIF图像[19]

    Figure  6.  Sequence of corrected PLIF images at flame[19]

    图  7  在乙炔-氧气火焰中利用圆偏振泵浦光获取的C2偏振光谱。上部:两偏振片相互垂直; 底部:当检偏器略微偏离垂直位置时获得的色散线型[35]

    Figure  7.  Polarization spectrum of C obtained in an acetylene-oxygen flame for circularly polarized pump beam.R-branch triplets are clearly resolved.Top:the two polarizers are crossed.Bottom:dispersive line profiles are obtained when the analyser is slightly opened from the crossed position.The vertical scale is the same for both panels

    图  8  发动机模型燃烧室CARS测量现场布局照片

    Figure  8.  Schematic setup for the temperature measurement of model combustor based on CARS

    图  9  航空发动机模型燃烧室内部流场平均温度测量结果[46]

    Figure  9.  Average temperature measurement results of a model aero-engine combustor[46]

    图  10  超燃冲压发动机模型燃烧室出口流场温度随时间变化[49]

    Figure  10.  Measured temperature versus time at the exit of scramjet engine

    图  11  双线OH-PLIF用于发动机模型燃烧室温度场测量典型结果[61]

    Figure  11.  Two-dimensional temperature distribution in a jet-engine model combustor segment as measured using two-line excitation of OH radicals[61]

    图  12  高温超声速羽流单线HTV图像及速度分布结果[70]

    Figure  12.  Single-line HTV images in supersonic plume[70]

    表  1  几种标记分子

    Table  1.   List of typical molecular tags

    Molecular tag Parent of the tags Tagging way
    Excited-state phosphor Phosphor Laser excitation
    OH H2O Photodissociation
    NO NO2/N2O/(N2+O2) Photodissociation/recombination
    Excited-state O2 O2 Raman excitation
    O3 O2 Photodissociation and recombination
    Excited-state N2 N2 Laser excitation
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-12-14
  • 修回日期:  2018-02-04
  • 刊出日期:  2018-08-01

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