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中红外Fe2+:ZnSe激光器研究进展

徐飞 潘其坤 陈飞 张阔 于德洋 何洋 孙俊杰

徐飞, 潘其坤, 陈飞, 张阔, 于德洋, 何洋, 孙俊杰. 中红外Fe2+:ZnSe激光器研究进展[J]. 中国光学. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0180
引用本文: 徐飞, 潘其坤, 陈飞, 张阔, 于德洋, 何洋, 孙俊杰. 中红外Fe2+:ZnSe激光器研究进展[J]. 中国光学. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0180
XU Fei, PAN Qi-kun, CHEN Fei, ZHANG Kuo, YU De-yang, HE Yang, SUN Jun-jie. Development progress of Fe2+:ZnSe lasers[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0180
Citation: XU Fei, PAN Qi-kun, CHEN Fei, ZHANG Kuo, YU De-yang, HE Yang, SUN Jun-jie. Development progress of Fe2+:ZnSe lasers[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0180

中红外Fe2+:ZnSe激光器研究进展

doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0180
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(No. 61705219);吉林省优秀青年人才基金(No. 20190103133JH);激光与物质相互作用国家重点实验室基金(No. SKLLIM1914)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐飞:徐 飞(1996—),男,山西太原人,硕士,2019年于太原理工大学获得学士学位,主要从事Fe2+:ZnSe激光器方面的研究。E-mail:xufei20202020@outlook.com

    潘其坤(1985—),男,河南开封人,博士,副研究员,硕士生导师,2014年于中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所获博士学位,主要从事红外高功率激光器及其应用技术研究。E-mail:panqikun2005@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TN248

Development progress of Fe2+:ZnSe lasers

Funds: Nature National Science Foundation of China (No. 61705219); Jilin Province Science and Technology Development Plan Project (No. 20190103133JH); Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Laser interaction with Matter (No. SKLLIM1914)
More Information
  • 摘要: 发光谱位于3~5 μm大气窗口处的中红外激光在医疗、工业加工、大气遥感、空间通讯、红外对抗等领域具有广泛的应用前景。以过渡金属(TM)掺杂Ⅱ~Ⅵ族硫化物晶体作为增益介质的激光器件可实现中红外激光输出,其中Fe2+:ZnSe激光器具有转换效率高、中红外波段可调谐范围宽、结构紧凑等优点,是中红外波段实现高功率、高能量、短脉冲的最有效途径之一。随着近些年材料技术的发展,Fe2+:ZnSe激光器发展迅速,逐渐成为热点之一。本文综述了以Fe2+:ZnSe激光器为代表的TM2+:Ⅱ~Ⅵ族激光器的发展历程,介绍并分析了Fe2+:ZnSe增益介质的制备方法,讨论了影响Fe2+:ZnSe激光器性能的泵浦源及因素,综合评述了Fe2+:ZnSe激光器的输出特性,总结了Fe2+:ZnSe激光器在室温和超短脉冲方向上的最新进展,并展望了Fe2+:ZnSe激光器后续可能的发展方向。
  • 图  1  Fe2+:ZnSe能级结构[9]

    Figure  1.  Energy level structure of Fe2+:ZnSe[9]

    图  2  Fe2+:ZnSe晶体的吸收截面和发射截面,(a)常温下的吸收光谱和发射截面;(b)吸收截面[11]

    Figure  2.  Cross-section of Fe2+:ZnSe, (a) Cross-section of Fe2+:ZnSe at RT; (b) absorption cross-section[11]

    图  3  Bridgman法装置简图[21]

    Figure  3.  The growth diagram for the Bridgman method[21]

    图  4  键合前元件结构示意图,(a)一层掺杂层结构图;(b)两层掺杂层结构图[31]

    Figure  4.  Schematic representation of the assembly of elements before bonding: (a) assembly for fabricating elements with one diffusion-doped internal layer; (b) assembly for fabricating elements with two diffusion-doped internal layers.[31]

    图  5  键合前的半月板结构示意图[32]

    Figure  5.  Schematic representation of the assembly of elements before bonding[32]

    图  6  四端泵浦腔结构光路[45]

    Figure  6.  Scheme of the quadruple end pump[45]

    图  7  实验方案示意图 (a)斜入射腔结构光路;(b)正入射腔结构光路[37]

    Figure  7.  Schemes of the experiments (a) inclined incidence; (b) coaxial pumping[37]

    图  8  Fe2+:ZnSe激光输出斜率d:光斑直径 (a):未镀石墨样品;(b)镀石墨样品[59]

    Figure  8.  Output energy of the Fe2+:ZnSe laser (a): sample #1 without graphite coating; (b): sample #2 coated with graphite[59]

    表  1  Fe2+:ZnSe激光器泵浦源的研究情况

    Table  1.   Research status of Fe2+:ZnSe lasers’ pump source

    作者(年)泵浦源工作温度激光输出波长激光输出参数
    Adams(1999)[6]Er:YAG 2.7 μm5−180 K3980−4540 nm12 μJ(脉冲) 48 μs,100 Hz
    Kernal(2005)[48]Nd:YAG(D2拉曼) 2.92 μm(2nd stokes)室温3900−4800 nm1 μJ
    Akimov(2006)[49]Er:YAG 2.94 μm室温3950−5050 nm370 μJ(脉冲) 100 ns,60 Hz
    Doroshenko(2010)[50]Er:YAG 2.94 μm室温4300−4600 nm0.58 mJ(脉冲) 1 Hz
    Myoung(2011)[51]Er:Cr:YSGG 2.8 μm,20 ns室温4370 nm3.6 mJ(脉冲) 6.7 Hz
    Fedorov(2012)[52]Cr:ZnSe 2.7 μm77 K4140 nm1.5 W(连续激光)
    Frolov(2013)[41]Er:YAG 2.94 μm85 K4100 nm2.1 J(脉冲) 0.3−0.5 μs
    Velikanov(2014)[53]HF 2.6−3.1 μm室温4600−4700 nm30 mJ(脉冲) 125 ns
    Martyshkin(2015)[54]Er:YAG 2.94 μm,自由运转77 K3880−4170 nm0.35 J(脉冲) 150 μs,100 Hz
    Velikanov(2016)[55]HF 2.6−3.1 μm室温1.2 J(脉冲)
    Balabanov(2018)[31]HF 140 ns室温480 mJ(脉冲)
    Frolov(2019)[27]Er:YAG 2.94 μm,自由运转278−291 K1.6 J(脉冲)
    李英一(2019)[56]Ho:YAG(ZGP-OPO) 2.6−3.1 μm288−301 K4030.2−4593.6 nm58 mW(脉冲) 2.7 ns
    李英一(2019)[57]Ho,Pr:LLF(Nd:YAG KTP-OPO) 2958 nm77 K4000 nm16.4 μJ(脉冲) 13.9 ns
    Uehara(2020)[58]Er:ZBLAN光纤2.8 μm,连续输出77 K4050 nm峰值功率1.1 kW 20 ns,40 kHz
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 网络出版日期:  2021-02-05

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