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便携式激光诱导击穿光谱最新研究进展

曾庆栋 袁梦甜 朱志恒 陈光辉 汪婕 余华清 郭连波 李祥友

曾庆栋, 袁梦甜, 朱志恒, 陈光辉, 汪婕, 余华清, 郭连波, 李祥友. 便携式激光诱导击穿光谱最新研究进展[J]. 中国光学. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0093
引用本文: 曾庆栋, 袁梦甜, 朱志恒, 陈光辉, 汪婕, 余华清, 郭连波, 李祥友. 便携式激光诱导击穿光谱最新研究进展[J]. 中国光学. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0093
ZENG Qing-dong, YUAN Meng-tian, ZHU Zhi-heng, CHEN Guang-hui, WANG Jie, YU Hua-qing, GUO Lian-bo, LI Xiang-you. Research progress on portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0093
Citation: ZENG Qing-dong, YUAN Meng-tian, ZHU Zhi-heng, CHEN Guang-hui, WANG Jie, YU Hua-qing, GUO Lian-bo, LI Xiang-you. Research progress on portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy[J]. Chinese Optics. doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0093

便携式激光诱导击穿光谱最新研究进展

doi: 10.37188/CO.2020-0093
基金项目: 国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(No. 2011YQ160017);国家自然科学基金项目(No. 61705064,No. 11647122);湖北省自然科学基金项目(No. 2018CFB773),湖北省教育厅团队研究项目(T201617)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    曾庆栋(1982—),男,湖北广水人,博士,副教授,2016年于华中科技大学获得博士学位,主要从事便携式激光诱导击穿光谱的研究与开发、光谱信号处理与算法研究等方面的工作。E-mail:jerry-z@hbeu.edu.cn

    袁梦甜(1996—),女,湖北孝感人,湖北工程学院与湖北大学联合培养硕士研究生,主要从事激光诱导击穿光谱、光谱分析及光谱信号处理算法的研究。E-mail:921290877@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: O433.4

Research progress on portable laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

Funds: Supported by National Special Fund for the Development of Major Research Equipment and Instruments (2011YQ160017); National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 61705064 & 11647122); Natural Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No. 2018CFB773); Project of the Hubei Provincial Department of Education (No. T201617)
More Information
  • 摘要: 作为一种新型快速的物质成分分析技术,激光诱导击穿光谱(laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, LIBS)已经在越来越多的工业领域中被证明具有巨大的应用潜力。然而,由于野外作业或工业现场嘈杂恶劣检测环境的存在,对仪器设备的大小尺寸和抗恶劣环境的能力提出了新的更高的要求。近年来,新型的激光器的发展进一步促进了LIBS仪器化的进程,使得其逐渐从实验室迈向工业应用,同时也使得LIBS系统逐渐趋于仪器化、专业化、便携化。本文综述了便携式LIBS的发展历程,对各种激光光源(小型Nd: YAG固体激光器、二极管泵浦固体激光器、微片激光器、光纤激光器以及光纤传能的方案)应用于便携式LIBS系统的最新研究进展进行了综述和分类讨论,探讨了当前便携式LIBS存在的基本问题,并对其未来发展趋势进行了展望。
  • 图  1  激光诱导击穿光谱系统原理图

    Figure  1.  Schematic of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy

    图  2  世界上第一台便携式LIBS系统(Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 15~20 mJ/pulse, 4~8 ns)[19]

    Figure  2.  The first portable LIBS system in the world (Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 15~20 mJ/pulse, 4~8 ns)[19]

    图  3  Laserna等人研发的两种便携式LIBS设备:(a)箱式(Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 50 mJ/pulse, 6.5 ns)[26], (b)背包式 (Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 50 mJ/pulse, 10 ns)[27]

    Figure  3.  Two types of portable LIBS equipment developed by Laserna et al. : (a) a box type (Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 50 mJ/pulse, 6.5 ns)[26], (b) a backpack type (Nd: YAG, 1064 nm, 50 mJ/pulse, 10 ns)[27]

    图  4  SECOPTA公司生产的FiberLIBS(总体积:44.9×52×17.7 cm3,探测头:35.5×16.5×10 cm3,1 kg)[42]

    Figure  4.  FiberLIBS produced by SECOPTA (total volume: 44.9 × 52 × 17.7 cm3, probe head: 35.5 × 16.5 × 10 cm3, 1 kg)[42]

    图  5  华中科技大学曾晓雁、李祥友等人研制的便携式LIBS样机

    Figure  5.  The portable LIBS system prototype developed by Xiaoyan Zeng and Xiangyou Li et al. in Huazhong University of Science and Technology

    图  6  光纤激光器实物图

    Figure  6.  Picture of fiber laser

    图  7  Gravel等人采用光纤激光器和紧凑型光谱仪搭建的LIBS系统[51]

    Figure  7.  The LIBS system developed by Gravel et al. using a fiber laser and a compact spectrometer[51]

    图  8  德国Noll等人开发的移动式LIBS系统[52]

    Figure  8.  The mobile LIBS system developed by Noll et al. in Germany[52]

    图  9  华中科技大学曾庆栋、李祥友等人采用光纤激光器搭建的便携式LIBS系统[53, 54]

    Figure  9.  The portable LIBS system using a fiber laser developed by Qingdong Zeng and Xiangyou Li et al. in Huazhong University of Science and Technology[53, 54]

    图  10  Whitehouse等人设计的FO-LIBS原理图[57]

    Figure  10.  Schematic of FO-LIBS developed by Whitehouse et al.[57]

    图  11  华中科技大学曾庆栋、李祥友等人研制的光纤传能移动式LIBS

    Figure  11.  The mobile LIBS developed by Qingdong Zeng and Xiangyou Li et al. in Huazhong University of Science and Technology

    图  12  英国牛津mPulse手持式LIBS合金分析仪[62]

    Figure  12.  The mPulse handheld LIBS alloy analyzer, Oxford, UK[62]

    图  13  美国Rigaku公司型号为KT-100S的手持式LIBS分析仪[63]

    Figure  13.  Kt-100s handheld LIBS analyzer from Rigaku, USA[63]

    图  14  四川大学段忆翔教授等人研发的手持式LIBS[64]

    Figure  14.  The handheld LIBS developed by Yixiang Duan et al. in Sichuan University[64]

    图  15  必达泰克公司的手持式μ-LIBS分析仪[66]

    Figure  15.  The handheld μ-LIBS instrument of B&W Tek, Inc.[66]

    表  1  基于DPSS激光器、光纤激光器和光纤传能的便携式LIBS的比较

    Table  1.   The comparison of several kinds of LIBS systems based on a DPSS laser, a fiber laser and FO-LIBS

    激光器优点缺点分析性能适用领域
    DPSS激光器工作寿命长、功耗低、
    自然冷却、小巧便携
    能量较低、谱线波动性较大生铁中Mn、V、Ti和Cr元素的LOD分别为171 ppm、128 ppm、99 ppm和
    59 ppm,R2分别为0.994、0.996、
    0.994和0.991[2]
    手持式野外测量、电池
    供电、原位测量
    光纤激光器抗恶劣环境、体积小、
    价格便宜
    连续背景干扰、烧蚀坑深,
    破坏性较大
    铝基中Mg的LOD为1.1 ug/g,R2=0.994;黄铜中Ni的LOD为21.3 ug/g,R2=0.997[51];生铁中的Mn、V,Si的LOD分别为195、48和110 ppm, R2分别为0.997、0.991和0.992[53]工厂、矿山等恶劣工作
    环境,在线测量
    光纤传能避免复杂光路系统和外界
    干扰、降低自吸收效应
    能量低,LOD较差生铁中Mn和Ti元素LOD分别为1219, 257 ppm,R2分别为0.997,0.998[60]在线、原位测量,移动式测量
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  几种手持式LIBS的参数比较

    Table  2.   Parameter comparison of several handheld LIBS

    型号研发单位激光光源体积、重量参数及性能
    LEA Handheld LIBS[61]芬兰Lasersec Systems公司DPSS激光器22.6×9×29 cm3, 1.75 kg平均功率0.5 W,光谱范围220~400 nm,续航2小时,LOD可达到ppm级,可用于爆炸物、金属、食品与药品分类。
    MPulse[62]英国牛津公司准连续固体调Q激光器9×23×21 cm3, 1.8 kg频率4 kHz,峰值功率小于0.5 W,电池支持250次测试,可用于合金鉴别与金属分拣。
    高能手持式LIBS[64]四川大学被动调Q的Nd: YAG
    激光器
    33×11×32 cm3, 2.95 kg单脉冲能量达100 mJ,光谱范围220~397 nm,可元素定量测定,岩屑岩性识别等。
    KT-100S[63]美国Rigaku公司波长1064 nm的3B级
    激光器
    24.3×8.4×25.7 cm3, 1.5 kg光谱范围200~480 nm,分辨率小于0.2 nm,电池供电10小时,可用于样品分类。
    ChemLite[65]美国TSI公司波长1574 nm的人眼安全激光器30.5×25.4×10.2 cm3,2.4 kg1574 nm人眼安全波长,光谱范围200~700 nm,一次充电支持1300次检测,探测范围低至0.01%。
    μ-LIBS[66]必达泰克公司DPSS激光器27.9×8.9×27.9 cm3,1.8 kg最大输出功率200 mW,脉宽小于1 ns,脉冲频率2 kHz,波长范围185~680 nm,分辨率0.4 nm。
    z-200c+手持式LIBS
    分析仪[67]
    SciAps公司波长1064 nm的Nd: YAG激光器21×30×12 cm3, 1.82 kg脉宽1~2 ns,单脉冲能量5.5 mJ,重复频率50 Hz,光谱范围190~620 nm,用于原位分析钢中C含量。
    下载: 导出CSV
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