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水平腔面发射半导体激光器研究进展

海一娜 邹永刚 田锟 马晓辉 王海珠 范杰 白云峰

海一娜, 邹永刚, 田锟, 马晓辉, 王海珠, 范杰, 白云峰. 水平腔面发射半导体激光器研究进展[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(2): 194-206. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171002.0194
引用本文: 海一娜, 邹永刚, 田锟, 马晓辉, 王海珠, 范杰, 白云峰. 水平腔面发射半导体激光器研究进展[J]. 中国光学(中英文), 2017, 10(2): 194-206. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171002.0194
HAI Yi-na, ZOU Yong-gang, TIAN Kun, MA Xiao-hui, WANG Hai-zhu, FAN Jie, BAI Yun-feng. Research progress of horizontal cavity surface emitting semiconductor lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(2): 194-206. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171002.0194
Citation: HAI Yi-na, ZOU Yong-gang, TIAN Kun, MA Xiao-hui, WANG Hai-zhu, FAN Jie, BAI Yun-feng. Research progress of horizontal cavity surface emitting semiconductor lasers[J]. Chinese Optics, 2017, 10(2): 194-206. doi: 10.3788/CO.20171002.0194

水平腔面发射半导体激光器研究进展

doi: 10.3788/CO.20171002.0194
基金项目: 

吉林省科技计划重点项目 20140204028GX

吉林省科技计划重点项目 20150204068GX

详细信息
    作者简介:

    海一娜 (1990-), 女, 内蒙通辽人, 博士研究生, 主要从事光电子技术与应用方面的研究。E-mail:haiyn90@163.com

    通讯作者:

    邹永刚 (1982-), 男, 吉林长春人, 博士, 副研究员, 硕士生导师, 2004年、2009年于吉林大学分别获得学士、博士学位, 主要从事光电子技术与应用、光电子器件等方面研究。E-mail:zouyg@cust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN248.4

Research progress of horizontal cavity surface emitting semiconductor lasers

Funds: 

Key Project of S & T Development Plan of Jilin Province of China 20140204028GX

Key Project of S & T Development Plan of Jilin Province of China 20150204068GX

  • 摘要: 近年来,水平腔面发射半导体激光器具有高功率、高光束质量及易封装集成等优良性能,已成为激光器领域的研究热点。本文详细阐述了几种水平腔面发射半导体激光器的结构设计、工作原理以及激光输出特性,并对该激光器国内外最新研究进展与发展现状进行了总结和论述。在此基础上,对该激光器的研究方向和发展趋势进行了分析与展望。目前,水平腔面发射半导体激光器的激光输出功率可达瓦级,美国Alfalight公司引入曲线形光栅的单一发射器输出功率可达73 W。随着应用领域的不断拓展,中远红外波段水平腔面发射激光器将成为未来的研究焦点。

     

  • 图 1  水平腔面发射激光器结构示意图

    Figure 1.  Structure diagram of horizontal cavity surface emitting lasers

    图 2  垂直发射激光器芯片结构示意图[23]

    Figure 2.  Structure diagram of vertical emitting laser chip[23]

    图 3  水平腔面发射激光器横截面原理图[24]

    Figure 3.  Schematic cross-sectional view of horizontal cavity surface emitting lasers (HCSEL)[24]

    图 4  二维面发射激光器的立体结构图

    插图:面发射激光器截面图[26]

    Figure 4.  3-D schematic view of 2-D surface-emitting laser

    Inset: Cross-sectional view of surface-emitting laser [26]

    图 5  激光器结构 (光栅周期Λ和占空比σ)[28]

    Figure 5.  Laser structure (grating periodicity Λ and duty cycle σ)[28]

    图 6  衬底发射量子级联激光器结构示意图[29]

    Figure 6.  Schematic representation of the substrate-emitting quantum cascade laser[29]

    图 7  非周期光栅结构面发射量子级联激光器示意图[30]

    Figure 7.  Schematic diagram of surface-emitting quantum cascade lasers using biperiodic top metal grating[30]

    图 8  面发射掩埋异质结构DFB/DBR量子级联激光器结构示意图[31]

    Figure 8.  Schematic diagram of surface-emitting buried-heterostructure DFB/DBR quantum cascade lasers[31]

    图 9  三维器件结构示意图[32]

    Figure 9.  Schematic three-dimensional device representation[32]

    图 10  激光器结构横截面结构图[33]

    Figure 10.  Schematic cross section of laser structure[33]

    图 11  面发射量子级联激光器光栅与脊形波导横截面及局部光栅的电子显微俯瞰示意图[37]

    Figure 11.  Schematic cross section of the grating region and the ridge-waveguide of surface emitting quantum cascade lasers and scanning electron microscopy top viewpoint of partial grating[37]

    图 12  表面金属光栅分布反馈量子级联激光器示意图[38]

    Figure 12.  Schematic diagram of the surface metal grating distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers[38]

    图 13  面发射量子级联激光器示横截面结构图[39]

    Figure 13.  Schematic cross section of the surface-emitting quantum cascade lasers[39]

    图 14  宽条形衬底出光分布反馈量子级联激光器示意图[42]

    Figure 14.  Schematic of broad area substrate-emitting distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers[42]

    图 15  光栅结构扫描电子显微镜图像[43]

    Figure 15.  SEM image of the grating structure[43]

    图 16  曲线形光栅面发射分布反馈激光器 (带有中心泵浦区域、光栅和吸收区域) 俯视图[44-45]

    Figure 16.  An underside view of a curved-grating surface emitting distributed feedback laser showing central pumped-stripe, grating and absorber regions[44-45]

    图 17  圆形光栅激光器常见结构[46]

    Figure 17.  Generic structure of the circular grating lasers[46]

    图 18  二阶同轴圆形金属光栅太赫面发射分布反馈量子级联激光器示意图[47]

    Figure 18.  Schematic diagram of THz surface emitting distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers with a 2nd-order concentric circular metal grating[47]

    图 19  圆形量子级联激光器异质结和波导结构示意图

    插图是完整的圆形激光器形貌[49]

    Figure 19.  Schematic illustration of the heterostructure and the waveguide of a ring quantum cascade lasers. The inset shows a sketch of the complete ring laser[49]

    图 20  器件横截面图[61]

    Figure 20.  Schematic cross section of a device[61]

    图 21  光子晶体面发射激光器结构示意图

    左下方说明的是底部侧模圆形p电极直径[62]

    Figure 21.  Schematic structure of a PCSEL device. Lower left panel illustrates bottom side view of circular p-electrode with diameter L[62]

    表  1  3种结构面发射激光器性能

    Table  1.   Properties of three kinds surface emitting laser structures

    引入结构 波段范围/nm 出光光束质量 加工工艺 出光功率
    转向镜[23-24] 979.65 半高全宽0.9 nm 较复杂 W级
    1 490 半高全宽0.6 nm 较复杂 mW级
    二阶光栅[44] 9XX~1 5XX 椭圆形光斑发散角较小 较简易 W级
    光子晶体[22, 61-62] 1 4XX~8 0XX 圆形光斑发散角较小 较复杂 mW级
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-10-20
  • 修回日期:  2016-11-29
  • 刊出日期:  2017-04-01

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